Nightmare Abbey, a venerable family-mansion, in a highly picturesque state of semi-dilapidation, pleasantly situated on a strip of dry land between the sea and . Project Gutenberg · 59, free ebooks · 5 by Thomas Love Peacock. Nightmare Abbey by Thomas Love Peacock. No cover available. PDF version of Nightmare Abbey by Thomas Love Peacock. Apple, Android and To read the whole book, please download the full eBook PDF. If a preview.
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Thomas Love Peacock () was an English satirist and author. Peacock was a close friend of Percy Bysshe Shelley and they influenced each other's. Book digitized by Google from the library of the University of Michigan and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Nightmare Abbey by Thomas Love Peacock. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as cafweedenosi.gq: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people.
After Shelley deserted Harriet, Peacock became an almost daily visitor throughout the winter of —15 of Shelley and Mary Godwin later Mary Shelley , at their London lodgings. In Peacock shared their voyage to the source of the Thames. Peacock wrote Headlong Hall in , and it was published the following year.
With this work Peacock found the true field for his literary gift in the satiric novel, interspersed with delightful lyrics, amorous, narrative, or convivial. There he met Thomas Jefferson Hogg , and "the winter was a mere Atticism. Our studies were exclusively Greek".
In Shelley went abroad, and Peacock appears to have been entrusted with the task of finding the Shelleys a new residence. He fixed them near his own home at Great Marlow. Peacock received a pension from Shelley for a time, and was put into requisition to keep off wholly unauthorised intruders upon Shelley's hospitable household. Peacock was consulted about alterations in Shelley's Laon and Cythna, and Peacock's enthusiasm for Greek poetry probably had some influence on Shelley's work.
Shelley's influence upon Peacock may be traced in the latter's poem of Rhododaphne, or the Thessalian Spell, published in and Shelley wrote a eulogistic review of it. Peacock also wrote at this time the satirical novels Melincourt published in and Nightmare Abbey published in Shelley made his final departure for Italy and the friends' agreement for mutual correspondence produced Shelley's magnificent descriptive letters from Italy, which otherwise might never have been written.
At the beginning of , Peacock was unexpectedly summoned to London for a period of probation with the East India Company who needed to reinforce their staff with talented people.
They summoned to their service in the Examiner's office James Mill and three others. Peacock was included at the recommendation of Peter Auber, the company historian, whom he had known at school, though probably not as a school-fellow.
Peacock's test papers earned the high commendation, "Nothing superfluous and nothing wanting. My object is not yet attained, though I have little doubt but that it will be. It was not in the first instance of my own seeking, but was proposed to me. It will lead to a very sufficing provision for me in two or three years.
It is not in the common routine of office, but is an employment of a very interesting and intellectual kind, connected with finance and legislation , in which it is possible to be of great service, not only to the Company, but to the millions under their dominion. In Peacock contributed to Ollier's Literary Pocket Book and wrote The Four Ages of Poetry, the latter of which argued that poetry's relevance was being ended by science,  a claim which provoked Shelley's Defence of Poetry.
The official duties of the India House delayed the completion and publication of Maid Marian , begun in , until , and as a result of the delay it was taken for an imitation of Ivanhoe although its composition had, in fact, preceded Scott's novel.
In the winter of —26 he wrote Paper Money Lyrics and other Poems "during the prevalence of an influenza to which the beautiful fabric of paper-credit is periodically subject. Peacock showed great ability in business and in the drafting of official papers. In he began to devote attention to steam navigation, and composed a memorandum for General Chesney's Euphrates expedition, which was praised both by Chesney and Lord Ellenborough.
He opposed the employment of steamers on the Red Sea, probably in deference to the supposed interests of the company. In he published The Misfortunes of Elphin founded upon Welsh traditions, and in the novel Crotchet Castle , the most mature and thoroughly characteristic of all his works. He was greatly affected by the death of his mother in and said himself that he never wrote anything with interest afterwards.
In this role in , he resisted James Silk Buckingham's claim to compensation for his expulsion from the East Indies, and in , he defeated the attack of the Liverpool merchants and Cheshire manufacturers upon the Indian salt monopoly. In his official career was crowned by his appointment as Chief Examiner of Indian Correspondence, in succession to James Mill.
The post was one which could only be filled by someone of sound business capacity and exceptional ability in drafting official documents: and Peacock's discharge of its duties, it is believed, suffered nothing by comparison either with his distinguished predecessor or his still more celebrated successor, Stuart Mill.
In appeared his Paper Money Lyrics and other Poems of which only one hundred copies were printed. During and Peacock superintended the construction of iron steamers which rounded the Cape, and took part in the Chinese war. He wrote a poem on "A Day at the India Office": From ten to eleven, have breakfast for seven; From eleven to noon, think you've come too soon; From twelve to one, think what's to be done; From one to two, find nothing to do; From two to three, think it will be A very great bore to stay till four.
Peacock in old age Peacock retired from the India House on 29 March with an ample pension. In his retirement he seldom left Halliford and spent his life among his books, and in the garden, in which he took great pleasure, and on the River Thames.
In he still showed vigour by the publication in Fraser's Magazine of Gryll Grange , his last novel. In the same year he added the appendix of Shelley's letters. Peacock died at Lower Halliford , 23 January , from injuries sustained in a fire in which he had attempted to save his library, and is buried in the new cemetery at Shepperton. His granddaughter remembered him in these words: In society my grandfather was ever a welcome guest, his genial manner, hearty appreciation of wit and humour in others, and the amusing way in which he told stories made him a very delightful acquaintance; he was always so agreeable and so very witty that he was called by his most intimate friends the "Laughing Philosopher", and it seems to me that the term "Epicurean Philosopher", which I have often heard applied to him, describes him accurately and briefly.
In public business my grandfather was upright and honourable; but as he advanced in years his detestation of anything disagreeable made him simply avoid whatever fretted him, laughing off all sorts of ordinary calls upon his leisure time. Sir Edward Strachey wrote of him: A kind-hearted, genial, friendly man, who loved to share his enjoyment of life with all around him, and self-indulgent without being selfish.
His house is open to those of his friends and acquaintances who share his gloomy outlook on life.
Mr Glowry is apparently a purely fictional character. Scythrop Glowry Mr Glowry's only son. Scythrop's forename was that of an ancestor of Mr Glowry's who hanged himself. It is generally accepted that Scythrop is a humorous portrait of Peacock's friend the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Like Shelley, Scythrop is devoted to social regeneration, and has a penchant for the gothic and the mysterious. Nor is Scythrop conventionally monogamous: he would much prefer to enjoy two mistresses than choose between them.
It has also not escaped the notice of some critics that in both of Shelley's gothic novellas Zastrozzi and St Irvyne , the hero is loved by two women at the same time.
Scythrop's impenetrable treatise on social regeneration, Philosophical Gas; or, a Project for a General Illumination of the Human Mind, pokes fun at Shelley's pamphleteering, his ambitions to reform society and his long-held desire to create a utopian society of kindred spirits.
She made a runaway love-match with an Irish officer O'Carroll. In one year her fortune was gone; in two years love was gone; and in three years the Irishman was gone.
Marionetta is a blooming and accomplished young lady; she combines in her character the Allegro Vivace of the O'Carrolls and the Andante Doloroso of the Glowries. She is pretty and graceful, and proficient in music.
Her conversation is sprightly but light in nature. Moral sympathies have no place in her mind. She is capricious and a coquette.
She is generally identified with Harriet Westbrook, a schoolmate of Shelley's sister Hellen. She and Shelley eloped to Scotland and got married in ; he was 19 and she was 16 at the time.
Three years later Shelley left her and fell in love with and eventually married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin the future Mary Shelley. It has also been noted that in —15 Peacock himself was involved in a love triangle with two women: Marianne de St Croix, to whom he had been attached for many years; and a supposedly rich heiress who fell in love with him. It has been suggested that there is something of Marianne in Marionetta.
Miss Celinda Toobad Mr Toobad's daughter. Celinda's intellectual and philosophical qualities are contrasted with the more conventional femininity of Marionetta.
She is the "Penserosa" to Marionetta's "Allegra". Her father, who describes her as being "altogether as gloomy and antithalian a young lady as Mr Glowry himself could desire", sends her to a German convent to finish her education.
When her father arranges for her to marry a man she has never met, she absconds. She later turns up at Nightmare Abbey to seek the assistance of Scythrop Glowry, the author of a treatise that has affected her greatly, not realising that Scythrop is none other than her intended husband. She adopts the pseudonym Stella, the name of the eponymous heroine of a drama by Goethe who is involved in a similar love-triangle.
There is some uncertainty about the identity of Celinda's historical counterpart. It is often said that she is based upon Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. In Shelley abandoned his wife Harriet Westbrook and eloped with the year-old daughter of William Godwin and the late Mary Wollstonecraft , taking with him also Mary's year-old stepsister Jane later Claire Clairmont.
Shelley had met Hitchener at Hurstpierpont in Sussex in ; the following year she paid a lengthy visit to Shelley and Harriet. Claire had lived with Shelley and Mary for much of the time from their elopement in until Shelley's death in August ; she was undoubtedly very close to Shelley throughout this period, though how close their relationship was is not known.
Mr Ferdinando Flosky A very lachrymose and morbid gentleman, of some note in the literary world. His criticisms of contemporary literature echo remarks made by Coleridge in his Biographia Literaria ; his ability to compose verses in his sleep is a playful reference to Coleridge's account of the composition of Kubla Khan ; and his claim to have written the best parts of his friends' books also echoes a similar claim made by Coleridge. Both men are deeply influenced by German philosophy, especially the transcendental idealism of Immanuel Kant.
Throughout the novella there are many minor allusions that confirm the Flosky-Coleridge identification. Mr Hilary Scythrop's uncle, the husband of Mr Glowry's elder sister. His name is derived from the Latin hilaris, "cheerful", which is an apt description of his outlook on life. If Nightmare Abbey has a character who acts as the author's mouthpiece, it is surely Mr Hilary. His criticisms of the contemporary "conspiracy against cheerfulness" and his advocacy of nature, the music of Mozart and the life-affirming wisdom of the ancient Greeks are distinctly Peacockian qualities.
Mrs Hilary Mr Hilary's wife; a model of propriety and social rectitude. Mr Toobad A Manichaean Millenarian. That is to say, he is a Manichaean in that he believes that the world is governed by two powers, one good and one evil, and he is a Millenarian in that he believes that the evil power is currently in the ascendant but will eventually be succeeded by the good power — "though not in our time".
His favourite quotation is Revelation "Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! His character is based on J. Newton, a member of Shelley's circle. Like most clergymen in Peacock's novels, he loves nothing better than "a dinner and a bed at the house of any country gentleman in distress for a companion".
The Honourable Mr Listless A former fellow-collegian of Scythrop's and a fashionable young gentleman. Mr Glowry comes across him on a visit to London and is sufficiently impressed by his gloomy and misanthropical nil curo that he invites him to Nightmare Abbey. He is based on Sir Lumley Skeffington , a friend of Shelley's, and represents the "reading public" a phrase which occurs frequently in Coleridge's critical works and is thought to have been coined by him.
Mr Asterias An ichthyologist , Mr Asterias is an amateur gentleman scientist. His name is that of the genus of echinoderms to which starfish belong. He is a comical character, but his denunciations of the "inexhaustible varieties of ennui" and his enthusiasm for "the more humane pursuits of philosophy and science" set him apart from the melancholic guests and identify him firmly with Mr Hilary and Peacock himself.
Mr Cypress A misanthropic poet, who is about to go into exile. Mr Cypress is a friend whom Scythrop had known at college and a great favourite of Mr Glowry's. He is based on Lord Byron. Although he only appears briefly in a single chapter, and one which has all the feeling of being an interpolation that does nothing to advance the plot, Mr Cypress is partly the reason Peacock wrote Nightmare Abbey in the first place.
I think it necessary to 'make a stand' against 'encroachments' of black bile. The fourth canto of Childe Harold is really too bad. I cannot consent to be auditor tantum of this systematical 'poisoning' of the 'mind' of the 'reading public'". Most of Mr Cypress's conversation in Chapter XI is made up of phrases borrowed from the fourth canto of Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage , whose misanthropy Peacock could not stomach.
Fatout Mr Listless's French valet. He also doubles as Mr Listless's walking memory, constantly reminding his master of things that Mr Listless is too listless to bother remembering for himself such as whether he ever saw a mermaid. Miss Emily Girouette A young woman with whom Scythrop is for a time in love.
He meets her at his uncle Mr Hilary's house in London and the match is favourably viewed by both Mr Glowry and Mr Girouette, but the latter quarrel over terms and the match is called off. Emily and Scythrop pledge their undying love for one another, but within three weeks Emily is married to the Honourable Mr Lackwit. She is usually identified with Harriet Grove , Shelley's cousin and first love.
In Shelley developed an attachment for her, but when she reported his republican and atheistic views to her father, the pair were separated.